Report on Hepatitis B carrier rate in China
News about: China
[Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can cause an acute illness with symptoms that last several weeks, including yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In highly endemic areas, HBV is most commonly spread from mother to child at birth or from person to person in early childhood. Perinatal or early childhood transmission may also account for more than 1/3rd of chronic infections in areas of low endemicity, although in those settings, sexual transmission and the use of contaminated needles, especially among injecting drug users, are the major routes of infection. HBV can survive outside the body for at least 7 days. During this time, the virus can still cause infection if it enters the body of a person who is not protected by the vaccine. HBV is not spread by contaminated food or water and cannot be spread casually in the workplace.
Source: ProMed Newsgroup Date: 30-Jul-2013 10:12:35